Which is better for my 100 gallon aquarium? Canister Filter VS Sump filter

Posted on March 25, 2022April 19, 2022Categories Blog

Unlike the other types of filters, both Canister and Sump are designed to handle large aquarium. They can be considered as the best 100 gallon aquarium filter. It can be a tough decision to weigh the options between a canister filter vs a sump.

Each of them has its own advantages and disadvantage. The choice mainly depends on your personally preference. Would one be better for you over the other? Keep reading our article.

#1 Operation

Canister filter suck water up through a lift tube and into a canister where it is then forced through various filter medias to clean the dirty water. It is offer chemical, mechanical, and biological filtration. Once the water has been filtered through the canister, it will back into the tank.

A sump, on the other hands, require you to build a sump or purchase on sump setups. You also have to install a circulation pump inside of the sump. Water is then pumped from the sump and into the aquarium and then back into the sump. Generally speaking, installation a sump may not be as easy for beginners.

#2 Aesthetic

this is the advantage of sump as it may seem like a complex setup but with a sump, you can use a sump box as a place to store all the stuff that normally mess up the walls and bottom of your tank such as heater, thermometer, pipes, wires, and more. You do not need to worry that these things will take lots of space inside the tank.

On the other side, Canister filter usually come with a large body that invisible inside or outside the tank.

#3 Maintenance

Canister filter usually require less effort to maintain than a sump one. This is because the water is being forced through the media as opposed to flowing over or around the media. They are also return the water back to the tank by a spray bar and reduce evaporation and current.

#4 Effectiveness

While these two filters are both high appreciated about their filtration ability for 100 gallon tank. But there is the plus point for sumps is that Sumps also keep the surface of the water free of contaminates while canister filters may not keep the surface clean. Furthermore, the sumps also relatively quiet operate, canisters can be a little louder.

What is the nutritional profile of best chinchilla hay?

Posted on March 25, 2022April 19, 2022Categories Blog

High quality hay is the most important aspect of daily chinchillas care and help them optimize their health and quality of life. Hay forms the bulk of chinchilla diet.

However, there are many different types of hay available. They look roughly the same but their nutritional profile is not. Normally, to round out their nutritional, you can mix them together. This is why you should know clearly about their nutritional content and carefully choosing the best chinchilla hay to feed your pets.

#1 Timothy Hay

Timothy nutritional profile is protein min 10.00%, Fat min 1.50%, Fiber max 32.00%. Timothy hay is grass hay made from dried timothy grass. It is the most popular chinchilla hay since it has a good balance of protein and energy and contains almost every thing your pet needs.

In order to provide chinchillas a rounded diet, you also can mix timothy with other hay such as orchard grass or alfalfa. Generally, timothy hay is recommended to use as core hay and fully suitable for chinchilla. The only disadvantage of this hay is that it not as promote healthy teeth grinding as other hay.

#2 Alfalfa hay

Alfalfa hay contains Protein min 16.00%, Fat min 1.50%, Fiber max 32.00%, 1-2% calcium. As you can see, alfalfa has more protein and fat than other kinds of hay, it is also sweet and rich in nutrients.

It has the same long-strand fiber found in timothy hay, but it has more protein, energy and calcium. Too high calcium content is the issue of alfalfa. Chinchillas can get bladder stores (excess calcium) if they were fed too much alfalfa. So it is best to use as good treats for chinchillas.

#3 Orchard grass

Orchard Grass is a flat leaf bladed perennial. Its nutritional profile is Protein min 10-12.00%, Fat min 1.50%, Fiber max 32.00%., 0,26-0,34% calcium. Orchard grass is high in fiber and low in protein.

It even has higher contents of energy and protein than timothy hay but has the same level of calcium as timothy. That means it good for the underweight chinchilla and does not cause deficiencies or bladder stones.

#4 Bermuda

Bermuda Grass is a less expensive alternative to Orchard or Timothy hay. It contains Protein min 8.00%, Fat min 1.50%, Fiber max 32.00%. Although it may not be quite as nutritious as timothy hay but it less protein than alfalfa (8%-10%) and is a good source of vitamin A and D. So it is suitable to feed chinchillas.

How Do You Get Reptile UV Light For Your Tank?

Posted on March 25, 2022April 19, 2022Categories Blog

Similar to the heat requirement, reptile UV light is absolutely essential in every reptile vivarium since it played an important role in the reptile well being.

Even though you are keeping the species of reptiles that do not really need UVB light such as snakes and leopard geckos, they also need light to maintain and regular internal o’clock of day and night. Without identify day/night times, your reptiles will become struggle and stress.

In this article below, we will help you to figure out the best UVB bulb that you should get in your vivarium.

How to get UVA light for reptile?

UVA light or you can know as a visible light, which helps reptile can see things. UVA light can produce by incandescent reptile UV light bulb. You cannot use the normal human light globes for the reptiles tank.

Because these incandescent bulbs are specifically designed for reptiles only and it allows them to see a wider range of UVA light.

Reptile eyes can see a ranger of colors and light than human, these bulbs will produce the light, which mimics what they have in the natural habitat.

UVA light can help reptile reduces stress, encourages the feeding and some other behaviors such as breeding, matching, climbing, etc.

UVA light has been known as a daylight bulb because it is replicate the visible light of the natural sunlight. It brings benefits even with nocturnal animals.

How to get UVB light for reptile?

Like the other normal animals, Reptiles also require UVB light to produce vitamin D3. Reptiles need vitamin D3 for synthesis calcium levels that help their body maintain strong bones, growth and egg production.

If they do not receive the amount of vitamin D3, there is a risk of metabolic bone disease for your reptile, which can cause the dead, blindness and mouth rot are possible.

However, there are some species of reptiles do not really need vitamin D3. For example, snakes can absorb vitamin D3 from their food. Leopard geckos can synthesis vitamin D3 from some supplements that you allow them to eat.

How to use eggs turner?

Posted on March 25, 2022April 19, 2022Categories Blog

The incubator provides the optimal conditions for eggs to hatch. But the incubator only provides heat from one direction only. This is why you will need an egg turner.

Eggs turner is the equipment that helps you turning eggs from side to side. It ensures that in the development process, the embryo won’t stick to the side of the eggshell. You can turn egg by an automatic egg turner or doing it by hand.

Turing egg instruction

Almost the best egg incubator will come with an automatic egg turner. You just need to set the frequency of turning and the machine does it all for you.

For optimal results, eggs have to turn at least 2-3 times per day during the incubation period, it is believed that it will be better if you can turn eggs for 4-5 times per day.

The angle to turn eggs is also important. Placing the eggs lay in the incubator for the angle of 45º is optimal.

There is a note that you should stop turning the eggs before 3 days they hatch. Because in those 3 days, the embryos will slowly move to their hatching positions so you do not have to turn eggs.

If you are using an automatic egg turner, ensure that you remove eggs from the turner before 3 days last and place them in the incubator floor.

Turning the eggs by hand

If you do not have the egg turner, you can do it by yourself. Placing eggs in the incubator horizontally. Then draw an “X” on one side of the egg and draw an “O” on the other side to mark and ensure that all the sides of the egg are turned.

At least 2-3 times per day (it is always better to turn more times) gently turn the eggs. Ensure that the eggs never lay on one side for two consecutive nights. Keep turning until 3 days last before hatching.

Choosing the best bearded dragon substrate

Posted on March 25, 2022April 19, 2022Categories Blog

Bearded dragon comes from arid land, hot deserts of Australia. In the wild, they prefer to bask on the rocks under sunlight and hiding in foliage, woodlands, and scrublands. Providing an enclosure environment that mimics bearded dragons’ natural habitat is exactly what you should do to help them live a healthy, comfortable life.

The substrate is the covering of the floor in the tank. The best bearded dragon substrate will help resembles their original habitat so that your pet can feel comfortable in their new home. There are many different types of substrates are available that you can use.

#1 Sand and similar small particles

In the natural, Bearded dragons spend all the day time running across sands pebbles. Although these substrates are mot realistic, it causes the possibility for your pet to swallow some of these substrates.

If this happens, your bearded dragons will have a chance to get gut impaction and leads to a block of the intestinal. Only use these substrates if your bearded dragon is adult. They have more experience and will know if it is sand or food.

Moreover, you can also use alternatives that replicate sand but do not have any complications. Non-silica sands have been developed that are made of calcium and easy to metabolized into the beardie body.

#2 Cage liners

These cage liners are small carpets that look like sand or grass. There are two textures of them that are soft and a little rough. Cage liners are also environment friendly, that allows you to wash and recycle them several times. That’s why it is considered as the best bedding for bearded dragons.

#3 Clay

The attractions point of this material is that it allows your bearded dragon to build this own burrows and tunnels. You should make a clay substrate and water mix and mold it into any shape. Then your beardie can build tunnels by themselves. It will be dry and become hardens so your pet won’t be able to eat it.

Clay is the best substrates bedding bearded dragons to entertain and create a great environment.

Frequently asked question about best fly mask for horse

Posted on March 25, 2022April 19, 2022Categories Blog

Fly spray for horse is the popular solution to help you keep insects away from most of your horse’s body, but it may be the challenge for every horse owner to protect horse’s head from flies. A best fly mask for horse is designed to prevent any biting and blood-sucking insects around your horse’s face and head.

If this is the first time you use the fly mask for your horse, this post is going to tell you all the basic things you should know about fly masks. So you will better informed and know how to properly choose and use fly masks.

#1 What are the different styles of fly masks?

There are three main styles of fly masks. They are has its own unique advantages and serve for different purposes. Full-head mask cover the horse’s head from nose up to its ears for full protection. The partial head is the standard style; it will help protect the horse’s head from UV rays and dust. Partial head with no ear coverings is ideal mask while riding or for the horses with sensitive ear and do not like their ears touched or confined.

#2 How do you know if the fly masks is fit the horse’s head?

It is important to ensure the fly mask has the right size that fit with your horse’s head. There is no one size will fit with all head, so make sure that you will properly measure your horse’s head after choosing the mask to find the correct size.

To get the right size you will have to double check your horse’s measurements: Forehead, Head length, measure around your horse’s face and jaw, and each side of neck. The mask should be fit snugly against the head to keep flies out. It also should not too snug, or the head will rub on the skin and make your horses feel uncomfortable

#3 How to clean a fly mask?

You will need to clean the fly mask frequently, even daily if they’ve been very active. And some often use fly spray for horses for masks, so it also needs to be cleaned as it may pick up more dust.If the mask is not clean enough, dirt, mud and other debris may shed into the horse’s eyes or irritate their skin.

It not takes you lots of time to do this. Suck the mask in to the bucket of water and mild soap. You also can mix it with a mild antibacterial agent to kill off bacteria. Then slosh it around gently. Wash it again with clean water before air drying.

What Is The Best Aquarium Filter: Internal Or External?

Posted on March 25, 2022April 19, 2022Categories Blog

We all know that the filter is the most important equipment for any aquarium. The filtration systems are responsible for keeping the water in the aquarium always clean and maintaining a healthy environment for your fish.

There are a numbers of options when it comes to aquarium filters. Therefore, choosing the best aquarium filter is not an easy task and can be a challenge for you.

In order to strip down the choices and help you easier when choosing, this post is going to detail about two main types of aquarium filter: internal and external.

Internal aquarium filter

There are many different options of aquarium out there that can make you overwhelming when choosing them (under gravel filter, sponge filter, power filters, wet/dry filter, canister filters).

However, all the filter products available are divided into two types: Internal and External

Internal filters are designed to place inside the aquarium. They usually include a pump to forces the water into the filter, a canister and the filter media as the sponge.

However, over time, the sponge will get dirt and become clogged. It is less effective and cannot be able to clean the water. It will need to be cleaned periodically and replaced.

Normally, the internal filter will come with two sponges in the package in order to replace it when needed.

The best fish tank filters internal will include 3 phases of filtration. The mechanical filtration traps debris, dust, and particulate.

The biological filtration transfers the fish waste and ammonia into less toxic substances for fish. Chemical filtration removes toxic or unwanted chemicals such as chlorine, nitrate, and phosphate.

External Filters

The external filters are designed to placed outside, hang on or underneath an aquarium. The water will draw into the filter by a pump and then go through a combination of mechanical, biological and chemical filter media.

The external filter has much stronger power than the internal filter. Due to that, the external filter will suitable to use for a larger aquarium or in the tank that contains a high density of fish since this tank will include more waste.

The drawback is that it will take you more effort to install and also more expensive than the internal filter.

Best horse grooming kit: Frequently asked questions

Posted on March 25, 2022April 19, 2022Categories Blog

Grooming horse is absolutely essential to keep your horse healthy and happy. It is also a great way for you to spend quality time and bond with your horse.  However, grooming horses are much harder than grooming other animals. So you may feel confused with many questions come to your mind about this grooming task.

Once you get the best horse grooming kit with everything you need, this post will clear up your queries to help you give your horse a proper grooming.

#1 How do I properly grooming horse?

With all the tools you have in your grooming kit, here is some basic steps to perform horse grooming

Step 1: Securely attach the horse to a solid pole, steel bar or similar.

Step 2: Use curry comb in circular motions to remove dirt and dust to the surface.

Step 3: Use hard and stiff brushes (body brush) to brush off all the dust in horse’s body.

Step 4: Use a soft brush (Dandy brush) to remove any remaining dirt and mud and brush sensitive areas such as head.

Step 5: Clean the face of the horse with a damp sponge, carefully clean around the eyes and nostrils.

Step 6: Use mane and tail brush to brush out the mane and the tail for detangle free

Step 7: Clean out the hooves with a hoof pick.

#2 How long does it take to groom a horse?

Typically, if you followed these 7 steps above, it will take you 15-25 minutes to groom a horse. This includes the time you spend to secure and restrain your horse. However, this time also can be change depends on how dirty your horse is. It is obvious that it will take longer if f your horse is extra dirty this will likely take longer. Besides, the best grooming kit with quality brushes also can help your grooming task faster.

#3 How often should I groom my horse? 

It is not the exactly time to grooming. Horse grooming can be done daily because it is not only helps your horses keep clean but also make them feel calmed and relax. If your horse live outside in a group with other horses, you should grooming before you ride them. Grooming horses also should be performed in the shedding season of the horses.

#4 How do I clean my grooming tools? 

Grooming a horse with the dirty brushes just make your horse get more dirt. So you must keep them clean by removing excess dirt. At least once a week, washing your grooming tools in a bucket with the mixture of hot water and dish detergent for several minutes. Then wash them again with clean water and allow them to air dry.

What is the Best outdoor rabbit hutch winter?

Posted on March 25, 2022April 19, 2022Categories Blog

Although rabbits are surprisingly well adapted to cold temperatures, but if the temperatures down to below 20 degrees F, you will need to take some precautions to keep your rabbit warm and stay healthy in their hutch at these temperatures.

At first, you have to get the best outdoor rabbit hutch, and then follow this post to know some tips to make sure your rabbits are kept warm over winter.

#1 Choosing outdoor rabbit hutch

It is netter to get the outdoor insulated hutch. The rabbit hutch must be waterproof and should have a solid roof with a slight overhang to keep rain and snow out of the hutch.

If your hutch has the wire mesh windows, it is better to choose the one that comes with the removable panel to cover the wire mesh windows, which help reduce drafts and keep the hutch dry. Or you will need to construct the windbreaks. Avoid sealing up the hutch entirely; it can lead to the lack of ventilation

#2 Using a heat pad

You should provide a heated pad for your rabbit and place inside the sleeping area in their hutch, which may increase the ambient temperature in the hutch as well. However, make sure your rabbit has plenty of space to get off the pad easily if the heat pad becomes too hot.

Your rabbits might chew their heat pad, so make sure that it is made of hard plastic. The pads comes with a fleece cover, offer the comfortable platform for your pets.

#3 Using bedding

Do not skip this work. A think layer of newspaper will help retain the heat. Straw is warmer than hay, so you can place a layer of dry straw above newspaper. Or you can mix straw with hay to use as bedding and litter for rabbit then your rabbits will have hay to eat at all times. Using bedding also allow rabbits can dig in and burry themselves.

#4 Cover up

During the winter, you should keep your pets far away from cold wind, rain & snow by using the tarpaulin and cardboard to cover up the hutch. Place tarpaulin cover the top of the hutch will make it water proof. And then use cardboard to cover the wall inside the hutch to against draft. You can stuff the bubble wrap in any small holes in your hutch will also help to keep draft out.

Best incubator for chicken eggs: Brinsea Products Mini II Advance automatic vs Best Choice Products Digital Incubator

Posted on March 25, 2022April 19, 2022Categories Blog

Whether it is the first time you hatching eggs or you’ve been doing it for years, there are many things you have to pay attention to such as temperature, turning eggs, ventilation, etc.

It is where the best incubator for chicken eggs comes to handle. The automatic incubator is a device that will provide the proper environment to ensure the health of chicken eggs that are yet to be hatched. Moreover, an incubator will shorten much the hatching time compared to manual incubation methods.

In this post, we help you to choose the most suitable incubator for your needs by introducing you to two common incubators: Brinsea Products Mini II Advance automatic vs Best Choice Products 96 Digital Incubator.

#1 Capacity

The first thing you have to do before choosing an incubator is to determine how many eggs that you plant to hatch at once time. It is will decide the incubator with suitable capacity.

This will help you avoid choosing a larger device than your needs and wasting your money since the capacity of incubators can range from a few eggs to thousands of eggs.

Brinsea Mini II is an ideal incubator for small space. It can be able to hold 7 chicken eggs that will suitable for home use. However, since it can handle only 7 eggs at once time, so if you want to incubate more eggs, you will have to wait for the next time.

The best choice product incubator can hold for an impressive number of eggs. It comes with 12 trays that each holds 8 eggs. It can handle up to 96 chicken eggs. It is ideal for who want to hatch more eggs than just chicken eggs for the farm. This product even can hatch larger eggs of turkey, duck and goose.

#2 Adjustable temperature

Temperature is the most important aspect that will directly determine successful hatching. You will have many works to do if you choose an incubator that does not allow you to adjust the temperature.

Brinsea Mini II includes a fully digital control panel that allows users easy to adjust the proper temperature for hatching incubators. The display of this model show and count down to the day that the chicks plant to hatch.

The best choice product incubator offers the LED display, which shows the current temperature as well as humidity. It will also let you know the tentative hatch day.

However, the drawback is that these two incubators do not feature the alert system, which will warn if the temperature exceeds the allowed level.

#3 Egg turner

In the hatching process, eggs require to be turned for at least 3 times per day. If the incubator does not come with the egg turner, you will have o manually turn the eggs and this work can be a bit inconvenient.

Luckily, these two incubators include the automatic egg turner. You can rest your mind that your eggs are going to be in optimum health when they hatch.